Diabetics have trouble producing and controlling the insulin in their bodies, which means that the levels of sugar in their bloodstream cannot be used correctly. This condition can cause several problems, including damage to the white blood cells that promote healing and fight infections. Your mouth is especially vulnerable to several oral infections as a result of diabetes.
A common problem diabetics develop is gum disease, also known as periodontal disease. This condition happens when the plaque and tartar that collect on teeth extend under the gum line, causing an inflammatory infection. Redness and swelling of the gum tissue occur as a result of the infection, which can advance further to gum tissue deterioration as well as tooth and bone loss. Because diabetics are vulnerable to infection and have high glucose levels in their saliva that feed plaque, they are more susceptible to this condition. This creates a vicious cycle because gum disease can make diabetics experience difficulties in controlling their blood sugar levels.
Diabetics are not just vulnerable to periodontal disease, but also the oral thrush fungal infection. Because those with diabetes are more likely to develop infections, they often take antibiotics that reduce the risk for them. However, antibiotics may increase the risk for thrush because they kill the bacteria that fight it. Oral thrush is characterized by red or white patches and sores that develop in the mouth, which may take longer to heal for diabetics.
If you have diabetes, then schedule a visit to Smiles of East Lake today and ask our dentist about how you can protect your mouth from oral infections.